Proposed Statutes of IOAA

1. In recognition of the growing significance of astronomy and related subjects in all fields of our life, including the general education of young people, and with the aim of enhancing the development of international contacts between different countries in the field of school education in astronomy and astrophysics, an annual competition in these subjects has been organized for high school students; the competition is called the “International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics” (IOAA). The International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics should be organized during the period of August – December.

2. The competition is organized by the Ministry of Education or another appropriate institution of one of the participating countries on whose territory the competition is to be conducted. Hereunder, the term “Ministry of Education” is used in the above meaning. The organizing country is obliged to ensure equal participation of all the delegations, and to invite all the participants of any of the last three competitions. Additionally, it has the right to invite other countries.
The International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics is a purely educational event. No country may have its team excluded from participation on any political ground resulting from political tension, lack of diplomatic relation, lack of recognition of some countries by the government of the organizing country, imposed embargo and similar reasons. When difficulties preclude formal invitation of the team representing a country, students from such a country should be invited to participate as individuals.
Within five years of its entry in the competition a country should declare its intention to be the host for a future Olympiad. This declaration should propose a timetable so that a provisional list of the order of countries willing to host Olympiads can be compiled.
A country that refuses to organize the competition may be barred from participation, even if delegations from that country have taken part in previous competitions.
Any kind of religious or political propaganda against any other country at the Olympiad is forbidden. A country that violates this rule may be barred from participation.

3. The Ministries of Education of the participating countries, as a rule, assign the organization, preparation and execution of the competition to a scientific society or another institution in the organizing country. The Ministry of Education of the organizing country notifies the Ministries of Education of the participating countries of the name and address of the institution assigned to organize the competition.

4. Each participating country sends one regular team consisting of high school students. Also students who finished their high school in the year of the competition can be members of a team. The age of the contestants must not exceed twenty on December 31st of the year of the competition. Each team should normally have 5 students.
In addition to the students, two accompanying persons are invited from each country, one of which is designated delegation head (responsible for whole delegation), and the other – pedagogical leader (responsible for the students). The accompanying persons become members of the International Board, where they have equal rights. Members of the International Board are treated as contact persons in participating countries concerning the affairs of the International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics until the next competition.
The competition is conducted in the friendly atmosphere designed to promote future collaborations and to encourage friendships in the scientific community. To that effect all possible political tensions between the participants should not be reflected in any activity during the competition. Any political activity directed against any individuals or countries is strictly prohibited.
The delegation head and pedagogical leader must be selected from scientists or teachers, capable of solving the problems of the competition competently. Normally each of them should be able to speak English.
The delegation head of each participating team should, on arrival, hand over to the organizers a list containing the contestants’ personal data (first name, family name, date of birth, home address and address of the school attended) and certificates (in English) from the schools confirming the contestants attendance or graduation in the year of the competition.

5. The organizing country has the right to invite guest teams in addition to the regular teams (no more than one guest team per one country). Normally the guest team consists also of five students and two leaders. However, the leaders of the guest teams are not members of the International Board. Except the above their duties are the same as the duties of the leaders of the regular teams.
Participation of a guest team always needs the agreement of the organizing country. The country sending a guest team pays all the expenses arising from its participation.
The next organizers are not obliged to invite guest teams present at the previous competition. Countries present with guest teams only are not obliged to organize the IOAA in the future.
Contestants from guest teams and guest teams are classified in the same way as regular teams. They may receive diplomas and prizes but their names should be associated with the letter “G” (“Guest”) in all official documents.

6. The working language of the International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics is English. Competition problems and their solutions should be prepared in English; the organizers, however, may prepare those documents in other languages as well.

7. The financial principles of the organization of the competition are as follows:
The Ministry which sends the students to the competition covers the return travel costs of the students and the accompanying persons to the place where the competition is held.
The Ministry of the organizing country covers all other costs from the moment of arrival until the moment of departure. In particular, this concerns the costs for board and lodging for the students and the accompanying persons, the costs of excursions, awards for the winners, etc.

8. The competition consists of 2 parts: the theoretical competition (including short and long questions) and practical competition (including observations and data analysis). There should normally be 15 short and 2 or 3 long questions for the theoretical part. For the practical part, the organizer may give a set task on 1) observation, 2) paper-based practical problem, 3) computer-based problem, 4) planetarium simulation or combination of the four, which is expected to be solvable in 5 hours. The problems should involve at least four areas mentioned in the Syllabus.
The sequence of the competition days is decided by the organizers of the competition. There should be one free day between the two parts of the competition. The time allotted for solving the problems should normally be five hours for the theoretical part and five hours for the practical part. The duration of the Olympiad (including the arrival and departure days) should normally be 10 days.
When solving the problems the contestants may use non-programmable pocket calculators without graphics and drawing materials, which are brought by the contestants themselves. Collections of formulae from mathematics, chemistry, physics, etc., are not allowed.
The host country has to prepare 5 short and 1 long spare theoretical problems and 2 spare practical problems. They will be presented to the International Board if some of the originally presented is/are rejected by two thirds of members of the International Board. The rejected problem cannot be reconsidered.

9. The competition tasks are prepared by the host country.

10. The theoretical part makes 60 % of the total mark, and the practical part 40 % of the total mark. The practical solutions should consist of theoretical analysis (plan and discussion) and practical execution. The solution to each problem should contain an answer and its complete justification.

11. The contestants will receive diplomas and medals or honorable mentions in accordance with the number of points accumulated as follows:
The mean number of points accumulated by the three best contestants is considered as 100%.
The contestants who accumulated at least 90% of points receive first prize (diplomas and gold medals).
The contestants who accumulate 78% or more but less than 90% receive second prize (diplomas and silver medals).
The contestants who accumulate 65% or more but less than 78% receive third prize (diplomas and bronze medals).
The contestants who accumulate 50% or more but less than 65% receive an honorable mention (diplomas).
The contestants who accumulate less than 50% of points receive certificates of participation in the competition.
The participant who obtains the highest score (Absolute Winner) will receive a special prize and diploma.
Other special prizes may be awarded.

12. In addition to the individual classification one establishes the team classification according to the following rules:
Teams consisting of less than three contestants are not classified.
For every competition part a separated ranking of teams is established by taking the sum of marks obtained by three best contestants in each team. The overall team result for each team is the sum of the best three total marks obtained at both competition parts.

13. The obligations of the organizer:
The organizer is obliged to ensure that the competition is organized in accordance with the Statutes.
The organizer should produce a set of “Organization Rules”, based on the Statutes, and send them to the participating countries in good time. These Organization Rules shall give details of the Olympiad not covered in the Statutes, and give names and addresses of the institutions and persons responsible for the Olympiad.
The organizer establishes a precise program for the competition (schedule for the contestants and the accompanying persons, program of excursions, etc.), which is sent to the participating countries in advance.
The organizer should check immediately after the arrival of each delegation whether its contestants meet the conditions of the competitions.
The organizer chooses (according to the Syllabus) the problems and ensures their proper formulation in English and in other languages set out in # 6. It is advisable to select problems where the solutions require a certain creative capability and a considerable level of knowledge. Everyone taking part in the preparation of the competition problems is obliged to preserve complete secrecy.
The organizer must provide the teams with guides.
The organizer should provide the delegation leaders with photostat copies of the solutions of the contestants in their delegation at least 24 hours before the moderation.
The organizer is responsible for organizing the grading of the problem solutions and moderation.
The organizer drafts a list of participants proposed as winners of the prizes and honorable mentions.
The organizer prepares the prizes (diplomas and medals), honorable mentions and awards for the winners of the competition.
The organizer is obliged to publish the proceedings (in English) of the Olympiad. Each of the participants of the competition (delegation heads, pedagogical leaders and contestants) should receive one copy of the proceedings free of charge not later than one year after the competition.

14. The International Board is chaired by a representative of the organizing country. He/she is responsible for the preparation of the competition and serves on the Board in addition to the accompanying persons of the respective teams.
All decisions, except those described separately, are passed by a majority of votes. In the case of equal number of votes for and against, the chairman has the casting vote.

15. The delegation leaders are responsible for the proper translation of the problems from English (or other languages mentioned in # 6) to the mother tongue of the participants.

16. The International Board has the following responsibilities:
To direct and supervise the competition to ensure that it is conducted according to the regulations.
To discuss the organizers’ choice of tasks, their solutions and the suggested evaluation guidelines before each day of the competition. The Board can change or reject suggested tasks but cannot propose new ones. Changes may not affect practical equipment. There will be a final decision on the formulation of tasks and on the evaluation guidelines. The participants in the meeting of the International Board are bound to preserve secrecy concerning the tasks and to be of no assistance to any of the contestants.
To ensure correct and just classification of the prize winners.
To establish the winners of the competition and make decisions concerning the presentation of prizes and honorable mentions. The decision of the International Board is final.
To review the results of the competition.
To select the country which will be the organizer of the next competition.
The International Board is the only body that can make decisions on barring countries from participation in the International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics for the violation of these Statutes.
Observers may be present at meetings of the International Board, but may not vote or take part in the discussions.

17. The institution in charge of the Olympiad announces the results and presents the awards and diplomas to the winners at an official ceremony. It invites representatives of the organizing Ministry and scientific institutions to the closing ceremony of the competition.

18. The long term work involved in organizing the Olympiads is coordinated by a “Secretariat for the International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics”. This Secretariat consists of the President and Secretary. They are elected by the International Board for a period of five years when the chairs become vacant.
The President and Secretary are members of the International Board in addition to the regular members mentioned in # 4. They are invited to each International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics at cost (including travel expenses) of the organizing country.

19. Changes in the present Statutes, the insertion of new paragraphs or exclusion of old ones, can only be made by the International Board and requires qualified majority (2/3 of the votes).
No changes may be made to these Statutes or Syllabus unless each delegation obtained written text of the proposal at least 3 months in advance.

20. Participation in the International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics signifies acceptance of the present Statutes by the Ministry of Education of the participating country.

21. The originals of these Statutes are written in English.

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Practical and Useful Information on Traveling to Iran

Weather:
Weather is expected to be moderate and dry in Tehran during the month of October. The average of maximum temperature is 29°C & minimum 10°C then, with almost no chance of rain. There is ample sunshine during the day and significant temperature difference in shade. Lodgings , discussion and examination halls, and buses are air-conditioned, and some excursions to cooler places are being planned.

Week days: 
Weekend is Friday in Iran. Banks, post offices, travel agencies, and schools are closed on Fridays and half day Thursdays (usually from 12:00). Many other government offices are closed on both Thursdays and Fridays.

Electric Power:
Electric power is 220 volts and 50Hz in Iran. Power sockets (outlets) are 2-pin (European).

Credit Cards:
Credit cards do not have function in Iran, though many currencies, especially Euros and US Dollars, may be exchanged easily.

Clothing:
According to law and regulations of Iran, travellers are expected to wear decent clothing upon their arrival and during their stay in Iran.
Gentlemen are not allowed to wear short trousers.
Ladies are required to observe their hijab. That is, to cover up hair, arms, neck, and legs.

Drugs and Alcoholic Dinks:
Drugs and Alcoholic drinks are forbidden in Iran. You are not allowed to bring them with yourself. While in Iran you will not be served any kinds of alcoholic drinks.

Currency:
The monetary unit in Iran is the “Rial”; but in daily conversation Tooman (equivalent to 10 Rials) is used. Bank notes of 100; 200; 500; 1,000; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; and 20,000 Rials are in circulation. US$ 1 corresponds approximately to 9,200 Rials (920 Toomans).

Using your Mobile Phone in Iran:
Participants from many countries can use their own mobile (cell) phones through roaming service while in Iran. Roaming is a service offered by most mobile service providers that allows users to use their phone if they are not in their home coverage area. In general, using a phone while roaming, incurs additional fees, though some service providers offer national roaming for free on some service plans. While roaming, it is cheaper to receive calls from home than vice versa.

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Population & Religion

Population
Iran3According to 2005 census Iran’s population is estimated 68,018,000.
The population is not homogeneous, although it has a Persian core that includes over half of the people. Azerbaijanis constitute almost a quarter of the population.
The migrant ethnic groups of the mountains and highlands, including the Kurds, Lurs, Qashqai, and Bakhtiari, are of the least mixed descent of the original Iranians.
In the Northern provinces, Turkic and Tatar influences are evident; Arab strains predominate in the southeast.

Religion
Islam entered the country in the 7th century AD and is now the official religion; about 90% of Iranians are Muslims of the Shiite sect.
The remainder, mostly Kurds and Arabs, are Sunnis.
Colonies of Zoroastrians remain at Yazd, Kerman, and other large towns.
In addition to Armenian and Assyrian Christian sects, there are Jews, Protestants, and Roman Catholics.

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History

IOAA is designed to be a truly international organization on Astronomy and Astrophysics competitions.
The organization is run by an international committee, whose members are elected from international members of the organization.
The purpose of IOAA is to promote interests and educations on astronomy and astrophysics of high school students.

By participating in the competitions, students will have opportunities to meet fellow students of the same interests and make friends.

This will lead to good understandings among countries and hence collaboration in future researches.

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The Climate

Iran2Iran’s climate is continental, with hot summers and cold, rainy winters; the mountain regions of the north and west have a subtropical climate.
Temperature and precipitation vary with elevation, as winds bring heavy moisture from the Persian Gulf.
The Caspian region receives over 40 in. (102 cm) of rain annually. Precipitation occurs mainly in the winter and decreases from northwest to southeast; much of the precipitation in the mountains is in the form of snow.
Meltwater is vital for Iran’s water supply.
The central portion of the plateau and the southern coastal plain receive less than 5 in. (12.7 cm) of rain annually.

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Circulars

Second Circular,

The Organizing Committee is eagerly preparing for the3rd International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics, and is looking forward to your arrival in Iran on October 2009. I would like to inform you of the latest progress and give you more information for participation in this unique event.

IOAA 2009 will be held in Tehran, Iran, October 17 to 26, 2009.

The responses to our first call have been very encouraging. Up to now twenty one countries have submitted their preliminary confirmation for participation.

Belarus, Indonesia, Poland, Bangladesh, Greece, Brazil, Lithuania, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Korea, India, Cambodia, Slovakia, Bolivia, Serbia, Romania, Kazakhstan, China, Ukraine, Iran (Official Team), Iran.

Invitation

The Organizing Committee considers sending the First Circular as an official invitation. However, if your participation requires a particular invitation letter to be sent to your government or related institute, please do not hesitate to contact us and make the enquiry (Please include fax numbers of yourself and the related government office, if you have not already put them in your Confirmation of Participation Form).

Registration Form and Visa

The icon for registration on our web site (http://www.IOAA2009.ir/) has been activated since July 2009. We have been sent every contact person, as introduced in registration form, a USERNAME and PASSWORD before then. The contact person has registered each participating individual form from his/her respected country. The deadline for submitting the Registration Form was 15 September, 2009.

All foreign nations need Entry Visa to Iran. To begin with visa procedure, a part of the information of the Registration Forms will be used by us to fill up visa forms. We will contact our Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and then will inform you to proceed. Please note that every participant should have a valid passport for at least six month when applying for visa.

Our next circulars will contain more detailed information on visa procedure.

Fees and Expenses

The Organizing Committee of the 3rd IOAA will provide all expenses including local hospitality, official visits and scientific and cultural programs during period of 3rd IOAA.

The event has no registration fee for participating team, including two team leaders and five students. For every extra team members (observers, visitors) there will be a 1000 USD registration fee. Medical insurance is obligatory for all participants.

Computers

Computers and printers will be provided at the discussion hall, where you could also seek assistance for any problems that may arise. Every team is provided with a PC installed with multi-language programs through Microsoft XP. Keyboards for common languages will be made available. However, you are encouraged to bring your own keyboard or laptop PC. If your laptop is equipped with USB port and LAN card, you may easily use it instead of PC on your desk.

Weather

As you know, October is an autumn season in Iran. So the weather is almost cold and for preventing to catch cold you need to wear long-sleeves T-shirts and warm suits. The temperature is between 5 to 15 degrees. As your accommodation is located in north of Tehran (in Alborz Mountains), the weather is almost cold.

IOAA 2009 web-page

The circulars, news and more information on Iran, the venue, and IOAA can be found on our web site:http://www.IOAA2009.ir, which will be updated regularly. Please let us know if there are any suggestions or question that may help us improve IOAA2009.

First Circular,

The Ministry of Education of Islamic Republic of Iran  is  pleased to invite your country to participate in the 3rd  International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics to be held in Tehran, Iran, 17 – 26 Oct, 2009. We sincerely look forward to host all leaders, observers, visitors and competing students of your country in this international prestigious competition. The aim of the competition, which is between individual high school students, is to promote future international collaborations and to encourage friendship within the scientific community.

The Local Organizing Committee (LOC) will cover all the expenses for meals, accommodation and official social events during the official period of the Olympiad. LOC will not bear the cost of the transportation for the team, observers, or visitors from their own country to or from Iran. Observers and visitors are welcome, but they have to pay the official fees, i.e. US$1000 for observers and visitors. Registration information for these participants will be announced in subsequent circulars. Observers are allowed to attend all Olympiad meetings, including the meetings of the International Board, but without the right to vote and discuss.

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Organizing Committee

  • Mohsen Jamali (Head)
  • Yaghoob Hosseinzadeh
  • Mir Omid Haj MirSadeghi
  • Hashemi
  • Mohammadi
  • Rastegarnasab
  • Dr. Moradi
  • Hajkarim
  • Ghaffari
  • Dr. Ziaoddini
  • Goodarzinia
  • Dr. Mohammad Taghi Mirtorabi
  • Shami
  • Khakian
  • Molainejhad
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Persian Poetry

Classical Poems:

Persian aptitude for versifying everyday expressions is so strong that one can encounter poetry in almost every Persian classical works, i.e. science, literature, or metaphysics.
Many of Avicenna’s medical writings are known to be versified.
Some most important classical Persian poets are:
Roodaki (10th. century)
Ferdowsi (10th. century)
Farokhi Sistani(11th. century)
Manucheri Damghani (11th. century)
Baba Taher (11th. century)
Naser Khosro (11th. century)
Khyyam (12 th. century)
Sa’naee (12th. century)
Anvari (12th. century)
Khaghani (12th. century)
Nezami (12th. century)
At’tar (12th. century)
Molavi / Rumi (13th. century)
Sa’di (13th. century)
Khajo-e- Kermani (14th. century)
Obeid-e-Zakani (14th. century)
Hafiz (14th. century)

By Persian Poet Hafiz (birth place Shiraz, d. 1325 a. d.)

Though I am old and decrepit and weak
My youth returns to me every time your name I speak.
Thank God that whatever my heart ever desired
God gave me that, and more than I ever could seek.
Fate directs my path to the tavern, in life.
Though many times I stepped from peak to peak.
Last night came good news that said, O Hafiz
I forgive all your errs, even though may be bleak

Of her black hair I complain, O ask me not
Cause of her, lost I remain, O ask me not.
In the hope of loyalty, nobody leaves his heart faith
I repent, my deeds disdain, O ask me not.
A sip of wine never cause misdeed or grief
Ignorant put me through so much pain, O ask me not.
O pious one, pass me by, ’cause this red wine
Makes your faith vain, drives you insane, ask me not.
I asked the ball of heavens, what is my role on this plane?
In the polo game of life I entertain, O ask me not.
I asked, with your hair whose blood you drain?
By God, this story is a long chain, O ask me not.

In the secret house of joy I idolize my desire
From your hair and face, my feet are on fire.
I am a dervish, a lover, I drink sing out aloud
Angelic Beauty, my name and fame inspire.
If you walk towards the house of the lovers
I greet you with candy, wine and music of lyre.
O Hafiz, happiness pain both expire
I’d better for peace of mind, inquire

For years I followed the drunken trail
Until my wisdom put greed in jail.
From my ashes, like Phoenix I rose
With Solomon’s bird ended this tale.
Like Hafiz, I gained all my good habits
From the commandments, holy books entail.
If I am Master of poetic verse and scale
Wonder not, for years I served the Master of the veil
Hafez’s tomb and gardens – Shiraz

Elaborate Seljuk-style symmetry of the ceiling
Hafez’s mausoleum by night

By Persian Poet Rumi / Molavi (birth place Balkh, north-eastern Persia (now Afghanistan, d. 1273 a. d.)

My place is the no-place
My image is without face
Neither of body nor the soul
I am of the Divine Whole.

Why think this ethereal thing is the soul
And a nugget of gold a treasured goal?
In search of gold, digging deep, why?
Thinking the earth to be the sky
Why consider ghastly temptations
To be the beauty of the nations?
Why like a worm crawl with earthly lust
And consider lovers lower than dust?

Come along, come along, the fields are a-flower
Come along, come along; it’s the lover’s hour.
Come along, all at once, every soul and all the world
Bathe yourselves in the sun’s golden arrows’ shower.
Mock the crone who is left without a companion
Weep for the lonesome he, who has left his lover.
Everyone must rise up, and spread the news,
Mad man has cut his chain and escaped the tower.
Beat the drums without care, and remain speechless,
Mind and heart fled long before the soul fled the bower.
What a day, what a day, it feels like Judgment Day,
Impotent is our life’s book, has lost its very power.
Be silent, be silent, keep the veil, keep the veil,
Go for the sweet grapes, let go of the sour.

Go and die, go and die,
For this love go and die,
When in this love you die
You will let spirits fly.
Go and die, go and die,
Fear no death, don’t be shy
When in this dust you lie
Your spirit will soar up high.
Go and die, go and die,
Let this existence pass by
This existence is your tie
And prisoners you and I.
With an axe cut the tie
And this, your prison, defy
When your chains you untie
With Kings, identify.
Go and die, go and die,
The handsome King satisfy
For the Lord when you die
Your glories multiply.
Go and die, go and die,
Like the tearful clouds, cry
When the cloud has run dry
You are the light of the eye.
Silence try, silence try
As close as you get to die
All your life, you apply
Your sigh and silence deny.
The Sufi mystic and poet: Rumi aka Molavi

By Persian Poet Sa’di (birth place Shiraz, d. 1291 a. d.)
Maxima, Stories, and poems

Of one Essence is the human race,
thus has Creation put the Base;
One Limb impacted is sufficient,
For all Others to feel the Mace.”

Laudation to the God of majesty and glory! Obedience to him is a cause of approach and gratitude in increase of benefits. Every inhalation of the breath prolongs life and every expiration of it gladdens our nature; wherefore every breath confers two benefits and for every benefit gratitude is due.

If thou possessest not the perfection of excellence
It is best to keep thy tongue within thy mouth.
Disgrace is brought on a man by his tongue.
A walnut, having no kernel, will be light.

A fool was trying to teach a donkey,
Spending all his time and efforts in the task,
A sage observed: ‘O ignorant man, what sayest thou?
Fear blame from the censorious in this vain attempt.
A brute cannot learn speech from thee.
Learn thou silence from a brute’

O thou who desirest to reach the station
Take my advice and learn patience.
An Arab hoarse gallops twice in a race
A camel ambles gently night and day.

The ill-wishing eye, be it torn out
Sees only defects in his virtue.
But if thou possessest one virtue and seventy faults
A friend sees nothing except that virtue
‘Saadiyeh’ at night

By Persian Poet and mathematician Omar Khayyam
(birth place Nishapur, d. 1222 a. d.)

Before us too the sun did set and rise,
The rolling heavens ran their enterprise.
Wherever you stop on this ancient ground
There was a darling’s pupil of the eyes.

My entrance advanced not the universe,
My exit improved not its elegance.
And I have yet to hear someone explain
What for my departure, why my entrance?

Wherever you go in the land of God
Flowers bloom from kingly blood
Violet with its colorful shroud
Was a beauty mole on a face once proud

Though exquisite is my scent and feature,
Tulip-soft my face, like cypress slender,
I wonder why in this amusement ground
Was I arrayed by Eternal Painter

At this rolling firmament we wonder,
Our fancy’s lantern to it we transfer.
Suppose the sun is lamp, cosmos its shade-
Phantoms are we who inside it wander.

Astral bodies in this dome dwelling
Preoccupy the wisest men of learning.
Beware, do not lose track of reason-
Astrologers are themselves wondering.

Since the world shall end in doom,
Enjoy now that you’re in bloom!

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Message by Head of the Organizing Committee

Dear Students,
Distinguished Professors,
Honorable Guests,

It is to my greatest delight to have the Young Scholars Club honored with
hosting the third International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics.
It is our hope that you will find your stay in Iran fruitful and enjoyable,
and that you return home with pleasant memories to keep forever.

Your eager and wholehearted participation will undoubtedly help us
achieve the goals for which international Olympiads have always been
organized. Realizing these goals gives hope that today’s turbulent world
can be brought together, through the ethical and cultural roots that we
all share and by relying on human virtues and compassion, to fulfill our
mission of disseminating, and furthering international collaboration on,
knowledge and education.

Once again I would like to thank you for joining us and wish everybody
success and fulfillment in their life.

Mohsen Jamaali,
Head of the Organizing Committee,
Third International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Tehran

Tehran, the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran is one of the largest metropolitans of the world, and it is the country’s largest economic center and the base for its large and small modern technological and industrial establishments.
Located on the slopes of the mountains and at the foot of the magnificent Mount Damavand, it has been the country’s capital city for over 200 years now. Nearly 14 Million people live in Tehran in contrast to two hundred thousand in 1920.

Tehran is pleasant, it derives its originality from its dry climate, always cool in the evening, the nearness of the mountains, its numerous parks and gardens where flowers blossom throughout the year, the alleys of trees in the avenues or even smaller streets, the water which runs down from the upper city along deep and wide gutters which look like small rivers during spring.
The Alborz range on the north of Tehran, which hosts the highest peak in the country during winter, provides a very suitable climate for ski lovers.
In winter, the mountain hotels and ski-clubs at Shemshak, Shahrestanak and Dizine are full several days a week. Some expert skiers consider the snow quality in northern Tehran to be one of the best in the world.

The Golestan (Rose Garden) Palace is one of most visited places in Tehran, which was the Qajars’ royal residence. Its garden is an oasis of coolness and silence in the heart of the city.
The main building, architecturally unpretentious, houses a museum with objects from the Qajar period in the overloaded and pompous style of last century.
In the Golestan garden, a one-story pavilion to the right and slightly behind the entrance, shelters one of the best organized museums in Tehran. It contains about thirty showcases presenting everything, which makes up the basic originality of Iranian life in the various provinces of the country.

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